Rock-a-bye baby, on the treetops,
When the wind blows, the cradle will rock,
When the bough breaks, the cradle will fall,
And down will come baby, cradle and all.
On the tree top,
When the wind blows
The cradle will rock.
When the bough breaks,
The cradle will fall,
And down will fall baby
Cradle and all
“The Real Mother Goose” version from 1916:
Rock-a-bye, baby, thy cradle is green;
Father’s a nobleman, mother’s a queen;
And Betty’s a lady, and wears a gold ring;
And Johnny’s a drummer, and drums for the king.
The most likely explanation of this nursery rhyme—probably the first poem written in America, dating back to the seventeenth century—is that it describes the way of how local native American mothers rocked their babies. The babies where in birch-bark cradles that were attached to the branches of a tree which then permitted the wind to rock the child to sleep.
Another theory refers to Derbyshire, England, where according to the local legend in the late eighteenth century was a charcoal-burner named Luke, who lived with his wife and eight children in a house that was formed inside a huge two thousand-year old yew tree. A bough of their tree was hollowed out and was used as a cradle.
One more theory refers to the events prior to the Revolution of 1688 in England. The child is the son of King James II. The baby was believed to be someone else’s child, secretly brought into the birthing chamber so that James could have a Catholic heir. The “wind” is the Protestants coming from the Netherlands, bringing James’ nephew to the throne.